2007年9月9日 星期日

Successful Intelligence

得到朋友鼓勵繼續寫blog,我決定停止打機,嘗試寫d嘢。
朋友是教書的,為了多謝佢嘅鼓勵,我今次會寫關於教育應用的。

Successful Intelligence is proposed by Sternberg. He identified 3 components - analytical, creative and practical thinking abiliities. It is said that students can be much benefited if curriculum includes these elements because students can

1.encode information to be learnt in three different ways
2.have higher proportion of elaborative rehearsal
3.capitalize on their strengths and to compensate for or correct their weakness
4.strike a balance among different learning and teaching methods

Honestly, I don't think this is something new to this decade trained teachers. But here are some reminders for teachers to 'emphasize' to their students when infusing Sternberg's ideas into already existing curricula

For analytical abilities, it's not difficult to aware the issues. So I will just write some points to note for creative and practical thinking abiliities

~creative thinking abiliities
students should
•learn to persuade other their ideas - not everyone can accept new ideas
•continue to learn lifelong as learning is a process - then cannot think of other meaningful ways as you have no new knowledge to integrate the current mindset
•fortitude to preserve when facing obstacle - when your idea doesn't work at first, how you respond is essentail to the final outcome
•build self-efficacy - believe you can do it

~practical thinking abiliities
students should
•control impulse - review the work before handing to teachers
•persevere but dont perseverate - know when to hold when to fold
•use the right abilities - check your own strengths to work different tasks
•Control fear of failure - take risk is sometimes necessary
•Manage self-pity - maintain a better spirit
•Set priorities - do the most important thing first

reference:
Sternberg, B.J. & Grigorenko. E., (2000). Teaching for Successful Intelligence: To Increase Student Learning and Achievement.

***I am sorry this is a 'boring' topic for some readers and 'too shallow' for some who are interested, I hope this piece can serve as an introduction or a short revision to you all.

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